In principle, almost every material can be cut with waterjets. However, the focus of the Maximator JET is on processing steel and stainless steel, aluminium, non-ferrous metals, glass, stone and tiles, gaskets, plastics and composite materials. This is because the benefits of cold-cutting technology can be most efficiently exploited in these areas.

Steel and stainless steel

edelstahl stahl

Waterjet cutting is suitable for cutting metals that may be adversely affected by heat. This is particularly important in the aerospace and vehicle industries.

Basically, waterjets can process greater metal thicknesses than lasers can, and they can cut more precisely than either plasma or flame jet procedures.

This cold-cutting process is also ideal in the manufacture of miniaturised components, thanks to the fine or micro waterjet technology now available. The need for delicate, highly functional workpieces can be met by a positioning accuracy of 0.0025 mm, right down to the tolerance range of +/- 0.01 mm.

 

Advantages:

  • Material remains unchanged metallurgically
  • No heat-affected zones
  • No material distortion due to heat
  • No hardening of the material at the edge of the cut
  • No worrying smoke or vapours given off
  • Every alloy can be cut
Material Material thickness
Stainless steel up to 300 mm
Steel up to 300 mm
Hastelloy up to 300 mm
Hardox steel up to 300 mm
Titanium up to 350 mm

Example applications:

  • Aerospace industry
  • Alloys of titanium, aluminium, and Cr-Ni-Co-based alloys, as well as composite materials, as used in airplane and jet engine construction.
  • Mechanical engineering and plant engineering
  • Gears, castings, assemblies made of stainless steel, copper, aluminium, titanium and stainless metals.
  • Tool-making
  • Dies, tool parts made of mild steel and tool steel
  • Precision engineering, medical technology
  • Components for clocks and watches, jewellery, implants, and appliance parts
  • Materials research
  • Material samples without any structural changes, conventional alloys that are difficult to machine, and new materials
  • Steel construction
  • Stair elements, building railings and interior constructions
  • Motorsport
  • Suspension parts, trim parts, economical single-part production, rapid alterations, in high-tech materials too

Aluminium: 

aluminium

Waterjet cutting is suitable for cutting metals that may be adversely affected by heat. This demand is particularly widespread in the aerospace and vehicle industries.

Basically, waterjets can process greater metal thicknesses than lasers can, and they can cut more precisely than either plasma or flame jet procedures.

This cold-cutting process is also ideal in the manufacture of miniaturised components, thanks to the fine or micro waterjet technology now available. The need for delicate, highly functional workpieces of a variety of materials can be met by a positioning accuracy of 0.0025 mm, right down to the tolerance range of +/- 0.01 mm.

Advantages:

  • Material remains unchanged metallurgically
  • No heat-affected zones
  • No worrying smoke or vapours given off
  • Every alloy can be cut
Material Material thickness
Aluminium up to 400 mm

Example applications:

  • Vehicle manufacturing industry
  • Assemblies of aluminium, inc. cast aluminium
  • Mechanical engineering and plant engineering
  • Gears, castings, and assemblies
  • Materials research
  • Material samples without any structural changes, conventional alloys that are difficult to machine, and new materials
  • Motorsport
  • Assembly parts, trim parts, economical single-part production, rapid alterations, in high-tech materials too

Non-ferrous metals: 

buntmetall

Advantages:

  • Material remains unchanged metallurgically
  • No heat-affected zones
  • No worrying smoke or vapours given off
  • Every alloy can be cut
Material Material thickness
Non-ferrous metals up to 300 mm

Example applications:

  • Mechanical engineering and plant engineering
  • Machine parts and assemblies
  • Precision engineering
  • Components for clocks and watches, jewellery, and appliance parts
  • Materials research
  • Material samples without any structural changes, conventional alloys that are difficult to machine, and new materials

Glass

glas

Waterjet cutting technology is ideally suited for cutting glass. With waterjet cutting, contours and profiles can be produced that are, at best, too difficult or costly to cut using conventional separation methods. Because of its material characteristics, glass easily cracks. This makes it vital to make starting holes for the openings using as little pressure as possible. The continuous increase or decrease in cutting pressure turns out to be extremely useful when cutting brittle materials such as glass or ceramics, so that material damage can be avoided.

Advantages:

  • Fine contours of unparalleled complexity
  • Suitable for laminated glass, safety glass and Plexiglas
  • It is possible to cut different qualities without changing tools
  • Perfect method for cutting hole patterns in glass
Material Material thickness
Glass up to 160 mm
Acrylic glass (Plexiglas) up to 180 mm

Example applications:

  • Glass industry
  • Blanks made of float glass, safety glass, bulletproof and fireproof glass for buildings and vehicles
  • Shop-fitting, exhibition stand construction, and advertising technology
  • Blanks made of glass and Plexiglas, signs, letters, and logos
  • Buildings and interior construction
  • Blanks made of float glass, safety glass, bulletproof and fireproof glass

Stone and tiles

stein fliesen

There are good reasons why materials such as granite, marble, sandstone, porcelain, tiles, concrete, gypsum plasterboards, insulation materials and mosaics are very often cut using waterjet cutting techniques. The technology opens up unlimited creative energy. This applies both in terms of shape, as well as in the combination of materials such as inlays made of stone and metal, or tile and glass. Because of the low ductility of stones and tiles, it is vital to make starting holes for the openings by using as little pressure as possible. The stepless increase or decrease in cutting pressure turns out to be extremely useful when cutting brittle materials such as stone and ceramics, so that material damage can be avoided.

Advantages:

  • No dust is given off as in conventional machining
  • Fine contours of unparalleled complexity are possible
  • Ideal use of the material
Material Material thickness
Marble up to 250 mm
Granite up to 180 mm
Tiles and ceramics up to 150 mm

Example applications:

  • Residential and industrial construction industry
  • Floors, wall coverings, facing elements, stairs, window sills, inlays, mosaics, and ornaments
  • Furniture industry
  • Kitchen worktops, tabletops
  • Working with natural stone
  • Cuts of any kind in natural and artificial stone
  • Tiling
  • Cut-outs, decorative floor and wall layout design, and ornaments

Seals and gaskets

dichtungen

Regardless of whether you want to cut standard or precision moulded parts – in the seal and gasket industry there is no other manufacturing solution that offers comparable benefits for prototypes, small and medium series in terms of average quality, versatility and efficiency. Due primarily to the high degree of automation involved, waterjet cutting is proving the ideal production technology solution for batch sizes of up to of 500 items. Not only is there no need for the elaborate creation, modification, maintenance and storage of conventional dies, there is no need to assemble them either.

Advantages:

  • One tool for every material
  • Composite materials can be easily cut
  • Multiple layers can be cut
  • Complex and fine contours
  • No additional tool costs

Example applications:

  • Manufacturers of sealing materials
  • Blanks, one-offs, small and medium series
  • Gasket manufacturers
  • One-offs, small and medium series

 

Plastics and wood

kunststoffe holz

With waterjet cutting, parts of cellular or solid elastomers, composite panels or foils can be cut without worrying vapours or gases being given off. With a water pressure of up to 6,000 bar, even the largest pieces of plastic and wood can be cut precisely, without any thermal changes. With microjets, cutting the finest geometries is possible.

Advantages:

  • No heat influence
  • No worrying smoke or vapours are given off
  • Composite materials can be easily cut
  • Multiple layers can be cut
  • Complex and fine contours
Material Material thickness
Plastics up to 250 mm
Composite materials up to 250 mm
Laminate up to 300 mm
Foils and films k.A.
Rubber up to 150 mm
Wood up to 200 mm
Foam material up to 400 mm

Example applications:

  • Vehicle and vehicle supplier industry
  • Interior panels made of composite material, instrument panels, exterior vehicle claddings, tyres, sleeves, rear-view mirrors and gaskets
  • Mechanical engineering and plant engineering
  • Slide rails, gears and assemblies
  • Plastics industry
  • Blanks
  • Shop-fitting, exhibition stand construction and advertising technology
  • Blanks, signs, letters and logos
  • Woodworking industry
  • Sheets of plywood, veneer and hardwood

Composite materials

verbundwerkstoffe

With waterjet cutting, modern materials such as carbon fibre composites like GRP (GFRP), CFRP (CRP), and carbon fibre-reinforced carbon (C/C) can be cut without any dust or gas being emitted. Thanks to the stepless pressure adjustment and the use of parallel spindles, it is possible to make starting holes for internal cut-outs in even the most sensitive materials. Composites made up of a variety of very different materials such as metal and rubber can be cut in one operation.

Advantages:

  • No heat influence
  • No worrying dust or vapours are given off
  • No delamination
Material Material thickness
Carbon fibre up to 150 mm
GRP (GFRP) up to 200 mm
Carbon fibre-reinforced carbon
(carbon-carbon, C/C)
up to 150 mm

Example applications:

  • Vehicle and vehicle supplier industry
  • Supportive structures and bodywork/trim parts to reduce weight
  • Motorsport
  • Bodywork/trim parts made of high-tech materials
  • Construction of vessels
  • Edge trim, cut-outs
  • Model-making

Foodstuffs

lebensmittel

Cutting with jets of pure water is well established in the foodstuffs industry. It is used mainly for portioning meat, fish, cakes, pizzas, and bars of chocolate. The foods are usually in a cooled state when they are sliced. When cutting food, the "tool" (i.e. the jet of water) never gets dirty, and so it meets the most rigorous of hygiene standards.

Advantages:

  • Hygienic cut
  • No heat influence
  • Narrow cutting gap
  • No need to sharpen or clean the "blade"

Example applications:

Foodstuff industry:
Cutting sandwiches after they have been filled, as well as portioning deep-frozen pizzas, flat cakes, and fish fillets